BGA Rework Cost and Advantages of a BGA Rework Station

BGA Rework Cost and Advantages of a BGA Rework Station

BGA rework stations, also called SMD and SMT rework stations, are essential for making changes to and fixing PCBs. Rework stations are places where experts in BGA packaging can make changes to circuit boards and devices mounted on the surface. 

One of the numerous things you can do with BGA rework stations is taking out broken or wrongly placed parts. Some of the others are replacing broken or missing parts, putting parts back where they came from, and more. Therefore, the BGA rework cost is considered a good investment.

People use BGA rework stations in a wide range of low-volume, short-run, and production settings. Depending on the system and the work, these stations may offer different levels of automation, either through a PC linked to them or on their own. Unless otherwise stated, these BGA machines work without any air or vacuum from the outside.

What Does The BGA Rework Station Do?

Technicians use a BGA rework station to change printed circuit boards with surface-mounted components and BGA (ball grid array) packaging. Also, these stations can make changes to circuit boards that use chip packaging, grid array packages, land arrays, flat packages, and other surface-mount devices (SMD) types. These rework stations may also be called SMD rework stations or SMT rework stations.

These workbenches have great features, like choosing the amount and type of work to do and the size of the circuit board to do the work on. Some BGA outposts have cameras that can help with split vision, but not all do. A BGA station can still be used for simple tasks if it doesn’t have the split-vision feature. However, if it does, it can be used to do more complicated tasks with ease. Some stations even have things that run by themselves.

BGA rework stations are places where technicians can fix, rework, and refinish BGA parts. These hubs give technicians the tools and information to reattach parts that aren’t fastened correctly, remove bad parts, find and replace lost, and fix broken or damaged parts. You can set up BGA rework stations on flat surfaces. Technicians can also use mobile BGA workstations that are built into cabinets.

BGA Rework Station Advantages

The BGA station is a great chance to make money. There are, however, several great reasons to use them.


Reworking BGAs at a rework station is a complex process that requires a lot of skill and attention to detail. If you try fixing a BGA, you could easily break the printed circuit board. Workers have everything they need at these rework stations to make repairs accurately and reliably without putting the device as a whole at risk.


BGA rework stations have the tools, like solder joints, pickup tubes, and nozzles, that are needed for the rework process.


Companies that make things like equipment can use a BGA rework station to handle large amounts of work on multiple PCBs of different sizes more easily.


A BGA rework station is an excellent first investment for the money it costs. Still, the benefits are worth the work. By doing rework, you can make your PCB last a lot longer. In addition, PCB rework is cheaper than buying a new board and building it from scratch.

How BGA Rework Stations Can Be Used

A BGA rework station can be used for many things in the PCB repair and modification world. A few of the most common ways BGA rework machines are used are:


Because of this, they are a common reason to do something over. For example, technicians might decide that PCBs need better parts.

Broken or Faulty Components:

If a PCB gets a bad component, it might need to be put back together. Pads are at risk when a BGA is removed because the solder could touch them. Some or all of the parts can also be broken by heat. The amount of solder lost during the process could be a big deal get info about net metering.

A Defective Assembly:

During a rework, there is always a chance of making a mistake. For example, how the BGA is placed on the PCB might be a problem. Also, the thermal profile could be better. If this happens, the PCB may need to be reworked again to fix the incorrect assembly.

The Procedure For Fixing a BGA is as Follows:

First, take the PCB and other parts off. After heating the PCB until the solder melts, it can be taken off with a vacuum. When you take off the BGA, you must be careful not to scratch the pads on the board. It could be a costly mistake to remove the BGA pads before ensuring that the BGA has been heated correctly and that the solder is fully saturated and flowing.

Then, the rest of the solder should be scraped off. Again, fixtures should be used to keep the area safe, the metal should be warmed up first to make it easier to work with, and the old solder should be removed with a vacuum

The BGA can be rebalanced after the extra solder has been cleaned off. During reballing, a stencil is used to put solder balls back into the BGA.

Once the BGA has been reballed, and the extra solder has been cleaned off, the components and PCB can be re-soldered and put back together. Solder can now be printed on the PCB or BGA before soldering. This is similar to removing the components in step 1, but it gives you more options for where to put them.


Technicians use a BGA rework station, also called a BGA rework bench, to change printed circuit boards with surface-mounted components and BGA-ball grid array packing. Chip-scale packages, grid-array packaging, land-grid arrays, quad-flat packages, and other surface-mounted devices can all be changed with the help of these stations.

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